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DSP 03

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5. Material Requirements Planning

Material Requirements Planning (MRP) is a material planning methodology developed in the 1970's making use of computer technology. The main features of MRP are the creation of material requirements via exploding the bills of material, and time-phasing of requirements using posted average lead times.

III. Detailed Scheduling & Planning

1.1 Basics of Inventory
1.2 Inventory Planning

2.1 Identifying Information Used in Material Planning
2.2 MRP Mechanics
2.3 MRP O/P & Managing Projects

3.1 Detailed Capacity Planning
3.2 Detailed Capacity Management

MRP Process Flow

The three major inputs of an MRP system are the master production schedule, the product structure records, and the inventory status records. Without these basic inputs the MRP system cannot function.

Bill of Materials

The product structure provides a hierarchical classification of the items which form a product. With the product structure, the understanding of the components which compose a product as well as their attributes, can be represented. The product structure shows the material, component parts subassemblies and other items in a hierarchical structure that represents the grouping of items on an assembly drawing or the grouping of items that come together at a stage in the manufacturing process.

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